• AP LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION                    Temple 2021-2022

     AP Language and Composition at MCHS is really two class curriculums in one! Throughout the year we will be studying American literature, but the FOCUS of the class is non-fiction as outlined in the program by the College Board. https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/courses/ap-english-language-and-composition/course


    Your first Summer assignment is a part of American Literature. You need to read the two selections and TAKE NOTES for yourself. I will not grade the notes but will allow you to use them in class for the assessments we will have the second week of class.

     HERE is an example of how to annotate. 

    1. READ: The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne: FREE HERE (STUDENTS ARE NOT REQUIRED TO READ the introduction-chapter called “The Custom House.”)
    2. READ The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: FREE HERE

    II. MEMOIR CHOICES: All students choose ONE from the following list of Non-fiction AP Readings AND COMPLETE THE WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT.

     These four books are on the District Approved Reading list with a Caveat for Ward

    1. Educated by Tara Westover           3. Men We Reaped by Jesmyn Ward*
    2. Hillbilly Elegy by J. D. Vance          4. Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates

     These three books are not on the District Approved Reading list but are still excellent memoir choices and are AP level appropriate and can be chosen with parental permission.  I have put the goodreads summaries to all of them. That permission must be emailed to me (rtemple@madison-schools.com) before school starts in order for you to get credit and participate in class activities.

    1. Born a Crime by Trevor Noah
    2. Americana Chica by Marie Arana
    3. Reading Lolita in Tehran by Azar Nafisi

     FOR THE MEMOIR: Complete the following writing assignment.

    1. Who is the SPEAKER of the memoir? What do we know about him or her? Provide a brief outline of the life before or after that is necessary for understanding the perspective of the memoirist.
    2. What do you think was your author’s PURPOSE in writing this memoir? Explain.
    3. Who do you think is the AUDIENCE for this memoir and how do you know this? Is the memoir effective for that audience?
    4. What is the CONTEXT of the memoir – this is the time and setting – of when the memoir is set and published.
    5. What is the EXIGENCE or the prompting reason this specific author write this memoir?
    6. What RHETORICAL CHOICES did the author make (provide examples) -- you can google what these are for a more full list, but the following are some choices to look for:

    -What specific words are being used effectively? What are the denotations of this word? The connotations? Why did the author choose this particular word as opposed to another?

    -What  shows effective use of figurative language or imagery? How did this figurative language or imagery influence your understanding of your author’s story?

    -How did your author choose to structure his/her memoir? Why did the author choose to organize it this way? (Helpful questions to think about: -How is the memoir organized? How did the author shape the story? What was put in? What was left out? Where does it start? Where does stop? Is it broken up into different sections? Does it proceed chronologically? Does it use flashbacks?)

    1. The author will APPEAL to the audience in the following ways: ETHOS (emotion), PATHOS (credibility and connection) and LOGOS (logic). Provide an example for each.
    2. How would you characterize the TONE of this memoir? Copy out a sentence that exemplifies the memoir’s tone and explain how the author’s word choice, figurative language, imagery, or syntax (sentence structure) contribute to tone.
    3. Copy out a favorite sentence of yours (include page citation) and explain why you chose it.
    4. What lesson or lessons did you learn from reading this memoir? Explain.